What is Pollution?
Pollution refers to the presence of any material or particle in the environment that is lethal to living organisms’ health. Sometimes pollutants can be from natural sources, such as volcanic ashes in the air, toxins in water, and gases in the environment. But most of the time, they are created by human activities. Examples of manufactured pollutants include industrial waste, smoke, household trash, burning fossil fuels, etc.
Pollutants damage the global climate, air quality, water, and environment; they are also lethal to animals and humans’ health. Significant examples of pollution include environmental pollution, air pollution, water pollution, litter, radioactive contamination, plastic pollution, thermal pollution, and soil pollution.
Which type of Pollution includes CFCs and Smog?
The exact answer to this question is “Air Pollution,” which indicates harmful chemicals in the environment. These harmful substances can be lethal to the health of humans and other living organisms. Air pollution causes include biological molecules, particulates, gases such as smog, chlorofluorocarbons CFCs, hydrochlorofluorocarbons HCFCs, aerosols sprays, etc.
Smog and CFCs are the most common examples of air pollution.
Smog is a combination of smoke and fog; it reduces visibility and threatens human health and the environment. Smog is common in industrial areas and usually comes from burning coal and is a familiar sight in industrial areas.
CFCs and HCFCs are a subset of greenhouse gases that destroy the earth’s protective ozone layer. By destroying the ozone layer, they trap heat around the earth and results in global warming. They also expose the earth to harmful ultraviolet radiation. CFCs and HCFCs are also well-known for warming the earth’s lower atmosphere and changing the global climate.
CFCs are composed of carbon, chlorine, fluorine gas and are commonly used in aerosol sprays and refrigerants. CFCs are almost inactive on earth’s lowest atmosphere layer, but they react with UV radiation once they reach the upper atmosphere.
The reaction of UV radiations with CFCs releases inorganic chlorine, which is highly reactive. And this highly reactive chlorine is responsible for creating holes in the ozone layer. The ozone layer is present in the stratosphere (the second layer of the atmosphere), and its depletion results in stratospheric ozone depletion. Thus, resulting in global warming and making life more challenging on earth.
Steps Required to Reduce Air Pollution
Follow the tips shared below to reduce air pollution and save the earth’s atmosphere.
The first step we all need to take is to conserve energy at home, work, and wherever possible. It’s suggested to buy a home, and office equipment labeled ENERGY STAR. Another best way to reduce pollution is to use public transport or walk whenever possible to reduce smoke in the air.
Make sure to follow gasoline refueling guidance for effective vapor recovery. In addition, keeping your car, boats, and other engines adequately tuned and keeping tires inflated can help reduce pollution. Another best way to reduce the risk of pollution is using gas logs instead of wood. And the use of environmentally safe paints and cleaning products can also be of help.
When High Ozone Levels are Expected
On days when ozone levels are expected, make sure to take the next shared extra steps to help reduce pollution.
Avoid using private transport, share a ride or use public transport and avoid unnecessary idling of your vehicle. Experts suggest that you cool your car or any automobile in the evening and then refuel it. Avoid using gasoline-powered equipment till evening and lastly, conserve electricity.
When High Particle Levels are Expected
On days when high particles levels are expected, it’s suggested to reduce pollution by next shared steps.
It’s best to reduce the number of trips planned and lessen or drop the use of a fireplace and wood stove. Furthermore, don’t burn leaves, trash, and other materials and avoid using gas-powered yard and garden machinery.