Researchers track down toxin from maple tree in Cow’s Milk

maple syrup maple tree cow milk

Cows can pass on the hypoglycin A toxin through their milk, a study by the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) and the Leibniz Institute of Plant Biochemistry (IPB) in “Toxins” revealed recently.

The toxins discovered in cow’s milk can cause acute symptoms in humans and animals. Small-scale amount of the poison was identified in the raw milk of cows, that grazed in a field exposed to sycamore maple. The team calls for further investigation for accurately evaluating the possible perils.

High level of hypoglycin A can be found in unripe akee and lychee fruits and in the seeds and seedlings of different types of maple tree.

Hypoglycin A toxin with oxidant properties is present in the wilted or dried leaves and bark of red maple tree and many more maple species. Most common toxic maple tree species along with red maple tree are Silver maple and autumn blaze. But the red maple tree and its closely related cross-breed are known to be most toxic species.

Hemoglobin oxidizes and turns into Heinz bodies, methemoglobinemia and subsequent hemolytic anemia due to toxin residing in leaves of red maple tree.

Poisoning is likely to occur in the spring and summer when leaves of fallen branches become open to horses and cows. The new green maple leaves obviously are not poisonous, but once dried they may stay harmful for as long as 30 days.

Why humans should not drink Cow’s milk

maple tree cow milk

Toxin from maple tree in cow’s milk can cause severe symptom in humans and animals. Pesticides sprayed on maple tree leaves could be the cause of toxins produced.

In 2017, a group of analysts in India had the chance to discover that poison was the reason for the abrupt deaths of a few hundred kids in the country who had recently eaten huge amounts of lychee.

“The Substance interferes with the body’s energy metabolism. One typical symptom in humans is very low blood sugar levels,” explains Professor Annette Zeyner from the institute of Agricultural and Nutritional Sciences at MLU.

Not to fail to remember that in 2013 hypoglycin A from the maple trees was additionally found to cause abnormal myopathy in horses. Which is a bewildering infection that is lethal for animals kept on a pasture.

Contaminated raw milk and dairy products are cause of food-borne disease epidemics in our society. These toxins cause potential health risk to humans. Toxic raw milk from cow can cause allergies and infections in consumers.

Analysis of Researchers:

Zeyner and her group united with Dr. Jörg Ziegler from IPB to find whether Hypoglycin A can also be found in the breast milk of cows “Maple trees are widespread and grazing cows is a common practice. Thus, it seemed logical that cows – like horses – would eat the seeds or seedlings of maple trees, thereby ingesting the toxins,” clarifies Zeyner.

Samples of cow’s milk were collected directly from farmers of Northern Germany for further studies and analysis. Zeyner then said, “We did not analyze samples from individual cows; instead, we sampled the milk from several cows which was stored in collection tanks,”.

Experiments of researchers:

Professors from MLU and IPB used mass spectrometer to analyze samples of Cow’s milk. As mass spectrometry is an analytical technique helpful in detecting even minute amount of substances present in any sample.

And results were: “We detected hypoglycin A only in two samples of raw milk from one of the farms whose pasture contained a single maple tree,” says zeyner.

Professor Annette Zeyner further elaborates that concentration of substance in cow’s milk was 17 and 69 micrograms in one litre milk. And these are low and broadly fluctuating amounts. In any case, taking into account that there was just one tree in the field. And the sample came from a collection tank making it amazing that they were able to detect something at least. Plus, toxin was not detected in any other sample.

“Our study is the first to show that cows appear to ingest parts of the sycamore maple containing the toxin, which is then transferred to their milk. Many other questions arise from this finding,” summarizes the researchers.

And most important question is yet to answer that how much toxin cow needs to ingest for there to be recognized easily in their milk.

Follow-up examinations will decide if the substance is annihilated when the milk is prepared or even this low concentration is also matter of concern.

Mycotoxin effects of Cow’s Milk on our health:

Mycotoxins are toxic substances produced by fungi residing on crops. But just few of them are lethal to health out of thousands of them. Scientists so far have succeeded in uncovering medical and veterinary impacts of just few fungi.

Toxins in cow’s milk are carcinogenic and are immunosuppressive secondary metabolites. Initial acute signs of toxic inhalation from milk are rare. But taking huge amount of toxins from cow’s milk can cause serious health hazards.

Contaminants in Cow’s milk can cause wide range of diseases in humans. Few of them are mention here.

  • Alzheimer: it is progressive neurological disorder which causes brain cells to die early. Alzheimer’s early signs are dementia- person forget even most recent events and conversations of daily routine. This condition affects persons social and behavioral ability to work independently.
  • Cancer: a condition that results due to uncontrolled and abnormal cell growth in any organ. In taking toxic cow’s milk can cause cancer of organs of gastro-intestinal track.

Abnormal cancer cells can migrate to other body organ from their origin through blood causing malignant tumor. Thus cancer causes life threatening condition.

  • Parkinson’s: it is a neurological disorder that leads to tremor in hands while performing any voluntary movement like writing, drawing and walking.

Parkinson’s can also result by taking in toxins from cow’s milk but it can be treated through L-DOPA drug.

Symptoms of Parkinson’s are fatigue, constipation, tremor in hands, bradykinesia and impaired balance and coordination which might lead to fall of patient.

  • Heart disease: It is most frequent and most minacious cause of death in United States leading to death of at least 2 patients out of 8.

Heart problems is a vast domain but most common is CAD-Coronary artery disease which results into heart attack.

Toxins can cause tachycardia, arrhythmias, elevated blood pressure thus increasing risks of heart attack.

Government needs to take effective actions to reduce toxins from cow’s milk for assessment of chemical risks being caused and for risk management to save humans from health hazards.

Well-being of in taking Cow’s milk:

maple syrup maple tree cow milk

Cow’s milk contains numerous nutrients needed for normal growth and healthy medical condition, especially essential in child developing stages. Numerous nutrients have innumerable functions. Some of them are listed here.

  • Protein: plays vital role in body tissues formation and repair, maintains body metabolic rate and hormonal balance. Providing body with firm structure, protein is also involve in regulating PH and fluid balance of human body.
  • Calcium: essential for maintaining hard structure of bones and teeth. And for muscles its essential for mobilization and in nerves calcium helps in nerve conduction and message transduction.
  • Vitamin B12: needed for nerves and body’s cell for making DNA, the genetic material of all cells of human body.
  • Whey and Casein: plays crucial role in lowering blood pressure of body.
  • Magnesium: acts as a cofactor for more than 300 enzymes, these enzymes are involved in controlling diverse reactions taking place in human body. Few of them are regulating muscle and nerve function and protein synthesis.
  • Steroid Hormones: required for normal functioning and growth of human body.


Babies and cow’s milk:

Cow’s Milk is a most delicious and nutritious drink commonly offered to babies and toddlers for their speedy and healthy development. Not just to babies it’s given to kids mix with oats, cornflakes casually or in the form of milk share.

Cow’s milk is good for babies and kids as it contains sufficient amount of calcium which helps in normal healthy growth of bones and teeth.

But is cow’s milk safe for your young ones and elders?

As recent studies discovered that amur maple and various maple species pass toxins in cow’s milk. Presence of toxin in cow’s milk can cause serious symptoms in humans. It not only weakens immune system of humans but toxicity can cause death within minutes.


Alternatives to cow’s milk:

At a point when you are not sure that cow’s milk you use have toxins from maple species or not, moving to alternatives is ideal choice you can make. Feed your baby with incredible milk substitute.

Cow’s milk substitutes can offer great nutritional profiles and various flavors to keep things fascinating. The supermarket racks can get somewhat overloaded with various products. So how would you pick the correct milk substitutes for you? Look at the following alternatives which provides amazing nourishment realities.

  • Soy Milk
  • Almond Milk
  • Rice Milk
  • Coconut Milk
  • Cashew Milk
  • Hemp Milk