The producer is a term used for organisms that produce their food or, let’s say, nutrients from organic sources such as carbon, nitrogen, and minerals. These organic sources are provided mainly by decomposers, and decomposers are organisms that cannot produce their food. Organisms that act as decomposers include fungi and bacteria, and they depend upon organic sources provided primarily by producers.
The producers include plants, algae, lichens, and moss; they live in a terrestrial ecosystem around organic matter. They absorb nutrients which include carbon and nitrogen left by decomposers from the soil. And plants and other producers produce food for themselves and other organisms from absorbed nutrients.
So, as you already know now, algae are producers, and organisms at the base of the food chain are photosynthetic. Plants are photosynthetic organisms on land, while algae are photosynthetic organisms in the water (ocean). The animals that feed on producers are primary consumers, and energy in a food web flows from producers to consumers. And energy flows from consumers to decomposers; at the same time, scavengers eat dead animals.
What are the Main Characteristics of Algae?
Algae are unicellular organisms found in large colonies and have notably various characteristics. Their structure and features differentiate them from plants and animals. However, plants and algae are photosynthetic, but algae lack root systems, stems, and leaves.
As for animals, they are consumers though algae are producers, algae are capable of producing their own food. Algae are present in large amounts on earth; they are found in places where very few plants would dare to grow. Their habitat varies from land to oceans to snowy mountain caps and is often distinguished by their color.
Are Red Algae Producers?
Red algae- Rhodophyta are ecologically vital primary producers; they provide structural habitat to numerous other marine organisms. And their primary role is the production of coral reefs, food, and gel. Red algae are rose-colored multicellular organisms having accessory pigment phycobiliproteins responsible for peculiar red color. They are usually edible thus are used in products like agar and food additives.
Is Blue-Green Algae Producer or Toxin?
Cyanobacteria are blue-green algae and are commonly found in marine and freshwater and act as primary producers. But sometimes, they are just a nuisance in water, responsible for spreading toxins, deadly for marine life and other organisms. So far, many cases of people and pets are reported suffering from toxins produced by blue-green algae in the United States.
Long-term exposure to blue-green algae can lead to nausea, vomiting, mental illness, and even death in more severe cases. In addition, they are dangerous to both animals and pets, as cases of people and pets suffering from toxic algae are reported in the United States lately.
What is Brown Algae?
Brown algae are multicellular in nature, and they have brown pigment in the chloroplast responsible for brown appearance. Brown algae are believed to be bigger and more complex than any other marine algae. Brown algae are also producers, make their own food through photosynthesis, and store glucose in the cell cytoplasm.
What is Yellowish Green Algae?
Yellow-green algae are unicellular in nature and found in freshwater. It can also be found in the form of colonies. It has pigments involved in photosynthesis that produce yellow, green, and orange colors.
On the Closing Note:
Not all algae bloom are toxic to health; just a few like blue-green algae and red tides are. While, most algae are beneficial to humans, animals, and other marine life. Algae bloom does not require the production of toxins to be dangerous; an algae bloom can also cause anoxic situations in the water.
An anoxic condition is a condition in which oxygen concentration decreases in water. And Algae can also block the pathway of sunlight into the water, thus depriving marine life of sunlight. Therefore, an algae bloom can lead to the death of marine life and can clog or harm fish gills.