A Brief Guide to Mold Allergies and Health Effects

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Molds are everywhere in our environment. And if you suffer from a mold allergy, no matter how much you avoid them, you may still find yourself dealing with mold allergy symptoms. Liquid Health news can help you prevent and reduce your symptoms. Learn more about mold types, symptoms, and treatment of mold allergy below.

Mold love growing in dark and damp places like kitchens, sinks, basements, backyard, and bathrooms. Spores of molds are often invisible to the naked eye, but almost thousands of molds exist in the United States. When mold spores become airborne, exposure to mold spores causes allergic reactions in humans with weak immune systems.

 

Allergy to Mold:

Mold allergies, fortunately, can’t kill us, but they can cause a life-threatening condition in severe cases, thus, impairing your daily routine life.

Various people suffer from multiple allergies. For example, some suffer allergies to dust, pollens, and some to perfumes. And some need to avoid a moldy atmosphere.

But the problem is that no matter what type of allergy you suffer from, it interferes with your daily routine work. And your symptoms reduce the quality of your work.

Mold spores might be present throughout the year or during specific months in a year and cause an allergic reaction to mold and trigger asthma in people.

 

Types of Molds That Cause Allergic Reactions:

Though mold can be found year-round, they are most common from July to early in the fall. Only a few can trigger allergic reactions of thousands of types of molds. And allergy-causing molds include:

  • Aspergillus
  • Cladosporium
  • Alternaria
  • Epicoccum
  • Fusarium
  • Mucor
  • Penicillium
  • Stachybotrys

Few molds are toxic, which means they produce chemicals called mycotoxins, which are lethal. Molds are found in different colors, and their various colors indicate their toxicity level.

You surely have heard of black fungus by now. After causing havoc in India, the black fungus pandemic is now hitting Egypt. But the black fungus is not the only dangerous mold. Exposure to any mold for a longer duration can be lethal.

 

 

Mold Allergy Symptoms:

The human body responds to mold allergy by releasing substances from the body just as it responds to other allergies like dust and pollen allergy. The signs and symptoms of mold allergy are mentioned below.

  • Sneezing
  • Runny nose
  • Cough
  • Watery eyes 
  • Itchy eyes
  • Itchy skin around the nose
  • Itchy skin around mouth and lips

 

Mold Allergy Can Lead to the Following Illnesses:

In some severe conditions, mold allergy can trigger an asthma attack and cause respiratory allergies. In few rare cases, severe mold allergy can lead to the lethal disease-causing allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis.

  • Hypersensitivity pneumonitis:

This condition results due to long-term fungi exposure in feed and grain. It’s sometimes also called “farmer’s lung.” And result due to mold exposure in homes and bird droppings in pigeon breeders.

  • Asthma:

Asthma is a condition that develops due to narrowing and swelling of the air passage. Asthma symptoms include difficulty in breathing, trigger coughing, wheezing sound, and chest tightness.

There is no cure for asthma, but you can control its symptoms. For example, shortness of breath leads to difficulty in sleeping. And long term mold exposure can lead to asthma.

  • Heart Failure:

Mold exposure can cause numerous illnesses. Similarly, it can lead to inflammation of the heart muscle- a condition called myocarditis. Myocarditis causes damage to heart muscles and heart valves, leading to heart failure.

  • Sarcoidosis:

It is a chronic inflammatory lung disease. It occurs in people who are exposed to molds for a long-term duration. It is a condition in which inflammation of any body cell appears. However, inflammation of the lungs and other organs occurs mainly.

  • Sinus Infections:

It is a condition that results due to inflammation of tissues and cells lining sinuses. When molds enter the sinuses cavity, the cavity release a substance called eosinophils to fights fungi. This substance causes fungal sinusitis and irritates as long as it is in there.

 

Mold Allergy Treatment:

Luckily it is easy to treat individuals suffering from mold allergies nowadays.

It’s fundamental for you to contact your doctor if you have a severe mold allergy. Medications like allergy shots and oral decongestants recommended by doctors help relieve symptoms quickly. Because diagnosis is based on the disease process, it is not based on a trigger.

Doctors perform skin tests and blood tests to measure the number of specific antibodies in the blood fighting against molds, to check the number of molds in the bloodstream.

People suffering from mold allergies can take preventative measures to avoid exposure to molds. The best option is to wear a dust mask to prevent contact and exposure to outdoor molds.

Molds in your home are ubiquitous. Indoor moldy environments can be treated by reducing dampness, and the use of an exhaust fan and dehumidifiers can help improve airflow to treat indoor humidity. Humidity below 35-50% can support control mold growth.

Following few tips can help you reduce dampness in your house.

  • Dry wet areas of your house regularly.
  • Clean and areas regularly that are rich in humidity.
  • Use fans and dehumidifiers to circulate air in wet areas.
  • Fix water leaks as soon as possible.
  • Plant mold-off plants in your home.
  • Use mold-resistant sprays and other products regularly.
  • Use of central air conditioning with asthma-friendly filter attachments.